Diseases

Hemangioma

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The hemangioma (Blood Sponge, Blood Sponge) is a benign vascular tumor in newborns and infants. It shows up as a red skin patch, which can be sublime. A hemangioma can occur on all parts of the body. In some cases, it will disappear by itself. Otherwise, it can be treated by various therapies. Read all important information about the hemangioma here.

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. D23D18ArtikelübersichtHämangiom

  • description
  • symptoms
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Disease course and prognosis

Hemangioma: description

A hemangioma is a benign (benign) tumor of the vessels (angiodysplasia), which may be at different depths in the skin. Colloquially, it is also referred to as Blutschwamm or Blutschwämmchen. Hemangiomas do not form metastases, but they can press through their growth against organs and cause symptoms.

Hemangioma: types and frequency

A blood sponge occurs in infants and is either present from birth (congenital hemangioma) or develops in the first few weeks of life (infantile hemangioma). The latter is more common than the congenital variant.

Girls are about three times more likely to be affected by a sponge than boys. About five percent of premature infants and over 20 percent of preterm infants have an infantile hemangioma.

Lymphangioma is similar to hemangioma. The difference is that a lymphangioma arises from lymphatic vessels.

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Hemangioma: symptoms

Hemangiomas are found mainly in the skin. Parents perceive them as red-blue dots, spots or knots. Sponges may be flat or sublime. The infantile hemangioma develops in the first four weeks of life. Then it can grow until about the ninth month of life.

Segmental hemangiomas are areally found in certain areas of the face and lower back, respectively. They often occur along with other malformations, such as brain hemangiomas or spinal malformations (such as spina bifida).

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Hemangioma: causes and risk factors

The exact mechanisms that lead to a sponge are not yet fully understood. It is noticeable that hemangiomas are more common in certain families. This indicates an inheritable component in the formation of Blutschwämmchen out.

If someone has more than ten sponges, it is called hemangiomatosis. Hemangiomas are also common in internal organs such as the liver, so further investigations are necessary. Genetic syndromes such as the Kasabach-Merritt syndrome may also be associated with increased hemangiomas. In addition to the formation of large blood sponges on the extremities, there is a drop in the platelet count (thrombocytopenia).

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Hemangioma: examinations and diagnosis

If you notice a red spot on your child's skin, visit his pediatrician with him. First of all, this will ask you in detail about the history of the child's illness (anamnesis). He will ask you the following questions:

  • When did you notice the skin change for the first time?
  • Has the size or color changed since then?
  • Was there already a hemangioma in your family?

The doctor then examines your child. He takes a close look at the area of ​​the skin that struck you. The rest of the skin is also searched for changes. In addition, the heart and lungs stop and check the movements of the child. This way, any associated malformations can be detected.

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