Cervical cancer


Martina Feichter

Martina Feichter studied biology in Innsbruck with an optional subject in pharmacy and also immersed herself in the world of medicinal plants. From there it was not far to other medical topics that still captivate her today. She trained as a journalist at the Axel Springer Academy in Hamburg and has been working for lifelikeinc.com since 2007 - first as an editor and since 2012 as a freelance author.

More about the lifelikeinc.com expertsTo cervix cancer (Cervical carcinoma) women on average 53 years. The trigger is usually a specific viral infection (HPV) in the genital area. In early stages, cervical cancer is almost always curable. As the tumor spreads, the chances of recovery decline. Read all important information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of cervical cancer!

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. C53C57ArtikelübersichtGebärmutterhalskrebs

  • anatomy
  • Causes & Risk Factors
  • symptoms
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Rehab and aftercare
  • Course and prognosis
  • prevention

Quick Overview

  • What is cervical cancer? A malignant cell proliferation in the cervix.
  • Frequency: For the year 2018, about 4,300 new cases of cervical cancer are expected in Germany. This incidence rate has been largely stable since the late 1990s. The mean age of onset is 53 years. Women who develop a precursor to cervical cancer (in situ carcinoma) are on average 34 years old.
  • Causes: especially an infection with the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV). Other risk factors include smoking, frequently changing sexual partners, many births, poor genital hygiene and long-term use of the "pill".
  • symptoms: usually only in advanced stages of cancer, e.g. Bleeding after intercourse or after menopause, heavy menstrual bleeding, intermittent or spotting, discharge (often foul-smelling or bloody), lower abdominal pain, etc.
  • Therapy: Surgery, Radiation and / or Chemotherapy, Targeted Therapy (Antibody Therapy)
  • Forecast: The sooner cervical cancer is detected and treated, the higher are the chances of recovery.
To the table of contents

Cervical cancer: anatomy

Of the Cervix (cervix) forms the transition between the uterine body (uterus) and the vagina (vagina). Through it, sperm pass through the vagina into the uterine cavity inside the uterus during sexual intercourse.

The opening of the cervix becomes the vagina Outer cervix called. The opening to the uterine body is called internal cervix.

The cervix is ​​inside of one mucous membrane lined: It consists of a covering tissue (squamous epithelium) and embedded therein mucous glands. When the mucous membrane of the cervix changes badly, one speaks Cervical cancer (cervical carcinoma), He goes in most cases from the squamous epithelium and then counts to the so-called squamous, Rarely, cervical carcinoma develops from the glandular tissue of the mucosa. Then it is a question adenocarcinoma

In most patients, cervical cancer develops in the area of ​​the outer cervix.

Anatomy of the internal female reproductive organsThe cervix is ​​the narrow, lowermost section of the uterus in transition to the vagina.

Cervical cancer should not be confused with uterine cancer (uterine cancer). The latter is also called "uterine carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma" or "corpus carcinoma" in medical terminology.