ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. N80D39ArtikelübersichtEndometriose
- Symptoms and consequences
- Causes and risk factors
- Endometriosis & childbearing
- Examinations and diagnosis
- Course and prognosis
Endometriosis: short overview
- What is endometriosis? One of the most common abdominal disorders in women. The uterine lining also settles outside the uterine cavity, on the ovaries or between the uterus and the rectum. Sexually mature women are usually affected. Only rarely does endometriosis become noticeable before the first or last menstrual period.
- Causes: Unknown, but there are various assumptions, such as mucosal cells with backward-flowing menstrual blood through the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity or that a malfunction of the immune system is involved in the pathogenesis.
- Symptoms and consequences: Some patients have no complaints. Others report severe menstrual pain, abdominal pain regardless of menstruation, pain during intercourse, urination or defecation. The illness can be very stressful and can be associated with infertility.
- Treatment options: Medicines (pain killers, hormone preparations), surgery; supportive often complementary methods (such as relaxation techniques, acupuncture, etc.)
- Forecast: Endometriosis is usually chronic. The course is unpredictable. Endometriosis herds can both spontaneously regress and spread. A therapy can usually relieve the symptoms, but often it comes afterwards to relapses. With the onset of menopause, the endometriosis usually comes to rest.
Endometriosis (English: endometriosis) causes scattered cell aggregates Uterine lining (endometrium) outside the uterine cavity on. These cell islands will be Endometriosis herd called. Depending on their location, doctors distinguish three major groups of endometriosis:
- Endometriosis internal genital: Endometriosis foci within the muscular layer of the uterine wall (myometrium). Doctors speak of this adenomyosis (Adenomyosis uteri). In addition, endometriosis foci in the fallopian tube belong to the group endometriosis genitalis interna.
- Endometriosis genitalis externa: Most common form of illness. Endometriosis foci in the genital area (in the pelvis), but outside the uterus, for example in the ovaries, on the uterus or in the Douglas space (depression between the uterus and the rectum).
- Endometriosis extragenitalis: Endometriosis foci outside the small pelvis, such as in the intestine (endometriosis), in the bladder, in the ureters or - very rarely - in the lungs, brain, spleen or skeleton.