Diseases

Polyps

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polyps are protrusions of the intestinal mucosa. They can arise in certain diseases or even without apparent cause. Almost half of all people over the age of 70 have colon polyps. Mostly they do not cause discomfort and are only detected in the check-up. Since they can degenerate into colon cancer, they should be removed. Read all important information about intestinal polyps here.

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. K63C26D12

Intestinal polyps are not a cause for concern, but they should always be removed as they can become cancerous.

Dr. med. Mira SeidelArticle OverviewDermoplastics
  • description
  • symptoms
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Disease course and prognosis

Colon polyps: description

Intestinal polyps are mucosal structures that protrude into the cavity of the intestine. They may sit flat on the intestinal lining, be attached to it by a style, or assume a "shaggy" form. Polyps are very common in the colon and rectum (rectum). They may consist of different tissues, but have mostly formed from glandular tissue of the intestinal mucosa. In this case, polyps are called adenomas. Adenomas are benign structures, but can turn into malignant cancerous tissue.

After the age of 70, almost half of all people in Germany carry at least one polyp in the intestine. One distinguishes a single polyp from diseases with several colon polyps. In a so-called polyposis there are over 100 polyps in the intestine. Symptoms are mostly diarrhea and abdominal cramps.

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Intestinal polyps: symptoms

Initially, polyps in the intestine usually cause no symptoms. But sometimes polyps can bleed. The affected person often notices this by a reddish discolored stool. If it bleeds permanently from the polyp, symptoms of anemia such as dizziness and weakness may occur. Some polyps produce mucus. Those affected then have a slimy bowel movement. Slime production can cause water, salts (electrolytes) and proteins to be lost. Diarrhea and abdominal cramps are common symptoms. However, intestinal polyps also cause blockages in some cases.

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