Article overview Restless Legs
- Causes and risk factors
- Examinations and diagnosis
- Disease course and prognosis
Restless legs: description
The name "Restless Legs"Translated means" restless legs ". Those affected have an enormous urge to move. In addition, most patients feel a tormenting pull or tingling in the legs, sometimes in the arms. The symptoms occur only in rest situations, typically in the evening or at night. But even with quiet activities such as long periods at work or in the car, complaints can occur.
The Restless Legs are among the most common nerve disorders in Germany. Women are more affected than men. The exact cause of the disease is not yet clear. However, there is evidence that the disease can be inherited. In this case, the disease usually begins early, before the age of 30. When children or adolescents are affected, Restless Legs symptoms are often misjudged as hyperactivity disorder or growing pains.To the table of contents
Restless Legs: Symptoms
The guiding symptom of Restless Legs is the urge to move that patients feel. There are also sensations in the legs, sometimes in the arms. These can be expressed differently: some patients complain of pulling or tearing, others of tingling or pressure pain. Common to all is that they usually come from the bottom of the leg. By moving, getting up or walking around the complaints can be alleviated for a short time.
Typically, the symptoms develop or aggravate but in peace, especially in the evening or at night. As a result, the sleep of the patients is restless and disturbed. For this reason, many sufferers during the day suffer from fatigue, lack of concentration or performance. Not infrequently, these are the symptoms that move the patient to the doctor's office.
Even leisure activities in peace such as reading a book, a visit to the cinema, driving a car or even sitting for a long time during work can trigger the discomfort and force the person concerned to move. As a result, the quality of life of people with restless legs is severely limited.
The periodic leg movements involuntarily causing patients to sleep or awake are termed Periodic Limb Movements (PLM). In up to 80 percent of cases, they are signs of Restless Legs Syndrome, but they also occur in other diseases in old age.
The symptoms are individually very different in their strength and the frequency of their occurrence. There are also some sufferers, who indeed feel a urge to move, but do not specify any abnormal sensations in the legs. The disease is chronically progressive. This means that it progresses creepingly and the symptoms increase. At the beginning of the disease, the Restless Legs can occur in spurts, in between, those affected are symptom-free.