Article overview muscle strain
- Causes and risk factors
- Examinations and diagnosis
- Disease course and prognosis
Muscle Strain: Description
What is a strain? This refers to the muscle strain, it is one of the most common sports injuries. But even in everyday life it can happen that a muscle is torn by an unnatural movement or an acute overload.
From muscle strain to muscle tear
Muscle strain is the lightest form of muscle overload. An even stronger strain usually causes individual muscle fibers to rupture (torn muscle fibers). This can also happen if you do not pay attention to a muscle strain and continue training despite injury.
Even more pronounced is the injury in a muscle tear. It tears a whole muscle fiber bundle. In extreme cases, the entire muscle is completely severed, it is called a muscle tear.To the table of contents
Muscle Strain: Symptoms
A muscle strain manifests itself in pulling, spasmodic pain, which usually develop slowly and gradually become stronger. The (athletic) activity usually can not be continued. Stretching and tensing the strained muscle hurts. The affected muscle area feels painfully tense - a feeling that can not be dispelled by shaking, gentle massaging or loosening movements.To the table of contents
Muscle Strain: Causes and Risk Factors
A muscle strain is done by overstretching the muscle. This can happen, for example, in unnatural movements or sudden excessive stress. Often, such strain affects the thighs, sometimes the back muscles. Also, the feeling of a strain in the calf know many, especially athletes.
Various factors favor a muscle strain or other muscle injury. These include, for example, lack of warm-up before exercise, an overload of already tired muscles, inadequate training condition, lack of fitness or incorrect footwear.
No tissue damage
In a muscle strain, the muscle was overstretched, so stretched beyond the limit of its elasticity. But that did not cause any tissue damage. On the other hand, if overstretching leads to the rupture of individual muscle fibers (often associated with a hemorrhage into the tissue), a torn muscle fiber is present.To the table of contents
Muscle strain: examinations and diagnosis
If you suspect a muscle injury (such as straining), the doctor first asks about the symptoms and the injury mechanism. Possible questions are:
- How did the injury happen?
- Where exactly are you in pain?
- Do you have any other complaints?
Following is the physical examination. The doctor scans the injured body region. He checks the muscle hardness and whether the area is painful. He also tests whether stretching or straining the muscle causes pain and muscle strength is reduced.