Diseases

Mumps

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Martina Feichter

Martina Feichter studied biology in Innsbruck with an optional subject in pharmacy and also immersed herself in the world of medicinal plants. From there it was not far to other medical topics that still captivate her today. She trained as a journalist at the Axel Springer Academy in Hamburg and has been working for lifelikeinc.com since 2007 - first as an editor and since 2012 as a freelance author.

More about the lifelikeinc.com expertsmumps (Parotitis epidemica) is an acute viral infection that typically swells the parotid glands laterally on the head or neck. Very often children get sick. But also mumps in adolescents and adults occurs. The disease can not be treated causally. But you can relieve the symptoms. In most cases, mumps heal by themselves without complications or sequelae. Read all about mumps: symptoms, infection, possible complications, treatment and prognosis.

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. B26ArtikelübersichtMumps

  • symptoms
  • infection
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Course and prognosis
  • vaccination

Quick Overview

  • What is Mumps? An acute, contagious viral infection that is colloquially called "goat peter" or "booby." Mumps is one of the teething troubles, although it increasingly affects adolescents and adults.
  • Infection: The mumps virus is usually infected by droplet infection or direct salivary contact (kissing). Rarely is an indirect transmission through the sharing of cutlery, glasses etc ... Infection with mumps is possible all year round.
  • symptoms: Initially nonspecific symptoms such as drowsiness, lack of appetite, head and body aches and fever. Then painful swelling of the parotid gland laterally on the head / neck (one-sided or bilateral).
  • Possible complications: et al Meningitis (meningitis), brain inflammation (encephalitis), ear otitis or inflammation of the auditory nerve (possibly with permanent deafness), orchitis or epididymitis (epididymitis), ovarian inflammation (oophoritis), breast inflammation (mastitis), pancreatitis (pancreatitis), Myocarditis, nephritis, arthritis, anemia
  • Treatment: Relief of symptoms (symptomatic therapy) with analgesics, antipyretic drugs, etc.
  • Forecast: In about 40 percent of all mumps infections show no or very slight symptoms. Especially mumps in children is usually harmless. The older the patient, the more likely it will be complications. Lingering sequelae such as deafness or infertility are rare.
To the table of contents

Mumps: symptoms

Mumps does not trigger symptoms in all infected people: a maximum of six out of ten people develop significant symptoms.

First mumps symptoms are nonspecific. There are, for example Loss of appetite, fever such as Headache and body aches on. Many patients also complain general malaise and feel flabby and unwell.

Because the mumps virus enters the salivary glands, also can dry feeling in the mouth and difficulties swallowing to adjust.

Especially in children under five, Mumps often resembles a common cold (flu) with symptoms such as runny nose, headache, body aches and mild fever. In children under two years, the infection very often runs without any apparent symptoms.

One to two days after the onset of the disease, the typical begins inflammatory swelling of the parotid glands (parotitis), The paired parotid gland (Glandula parotis) lies on both sides of the face and extends from the zygomatic arch at the level of the ear to the jaw angle. In mumps usually both parotid glands swell (sometimes a little earlier than the second). Rarely, only one of the two glands swollen. The swelling in the cheek and neck leads to the typical "Hamster cheeks" (especially in children). It usually stops within a week.

With the gland swelling are often Pain Connected: Pressure on the ear canal causes earache. Also the chewing and wide opening of the mouth can be painful. In severe cases, patients may only eat soft or liquid foods such as mashed potatoes, soups or porridge.

In some patients, in addition to the parotid glands, the paired ones also swell Salivary glands in the lower jaw or under the tongue at. Also adjacent lymph node can increase.

One recognizes it MumpsMumps viruses attack among other things the parotid gland and lead to a painful, very clearly visible swelling before the ear.

Mumps: complications

Mumps in children rarely causes complications. In contrast, mumps is much more problematic in adults. Generally, the risk of complications of mumps infection increases with the age of the patient. Such complications arise when the mumps viruses spread in the body and infect other organs.

So one counts Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) the most common complications of mumps. Men are more affected than women. For example, CNS involvement can be manifested as meningitis (meningitis) or encephalitis (encephalitis):

  • In one to ten percent of cases develop a symptomatic meningitis. An indication of this is when patients with mumps show signs of stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, as well as apathy and even loss of consciousness. Lingering sequelae or deaths from mumps meningitis are unknown.
  • Less than one percent of mumps patients develop encephalitis. However, this mumps encephalitis can lead to death in individual cases.

A CNS involvement in mumps is usually noticeable four to five days after the parotitis. It can also occur before swelling of the salivary glands or even be the only symptom of mumps infection.

The mumps viruses can also have a Inner ear inflammation (Labyrinthitis) or one Inflammation of the auditory nerve (Acoustic Neuritis). In rare cases, those affected have a permanent hearing loss (Sensorineural hearing loss) from that.

A more common mumps complication in men is one Hodenentzündung, This mumps orchitis develops in 15 to 30 percent of adult mumps patients. Mostly it affects only one testicle, but sometimes both. Afterwards, fertility may be limited. Only seldom does the testicle inflammation lead to complete infertility. A Epididymitis (Epididymitis) is also a potential consequence of mumps infection.

Mumps in women leads to one in three out of ten cases mastitis (Mastitis). Much rarer is one Ovarian inflammation (Oophoritis): Up to five percent of adult mumps suffer from it.

Sometimes mumps viruses call one pancreatitis (Pancreatitis). This develops in about four percent of patients with mumps. Symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting indicate pancreatitis.

Other possible complications with mumps are arthritis (Arthritis), nephritis (Nephritis), anemia (Anemia) as well Myocarditis (Myocarditis).

Tip: If symptoms occur in patients with mumps that are not traditionally associated with the condition, be sure to call a physician. You could point to a serious complication. The sooner the right therapy is started, the better and faster the recovery will be.

Mumps: Pregnancy

Many women fear that infection with the mumps virus can spread to the unborn baby during pregnancy. However, a mumps infection during pregnancy does not increase the risk of childhood malformations or miscarriage. The unborn baby is so not endangered.

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