Diseases

Food poisoning

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Carola Felchner

Carola Felchner is a freelance author at lifelikeinc.com and a certified exercise and nutritionist. She worked at various trade magazines and online portals before becoming self-employed in 2015 as a journalist. Before her traineeship, she studied translating and interpreting in Kempten and Munich.

More about the lifelikeinc.com experts Food poisoning is caused by eating foods that are spoiled by toxins or pathogens (such as bacteria). Typical symptoms are stomach pain, diarrhea and vomiting. Light food poisoning usually heals on its own within a few days. In more severe cases, however, patients must be treated in the hospital. Read the symptoms of food poisoning, how it is treated and how to prevent it!

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. A05ArtikelübersichtLebensmittelvergiftung

  • Symptoms & Causes
  • risk factors
  • treatment
  • prevention
  • Examinations & Diagnosis
  • History & Forecast

Quick Overview

  • What is food poisoning? Strictly speaking, this means poisoning through the consumption of foods that are spoiled by toxins (toxins). In a broader sense, a food infection (consumption of foods that are spoiled by pathogens) is also called food poisoning.
  • Causes: Toxins (food poisoning in the narrower sense); Bacteria (as in Salmonella poisoning, listeriosis, botulism), fungi, viruses or parasites (food poisoning in the broader sense or food infection)
  • symptoms: usually nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps; depending on the trigger often other complaints
  • Treatment: depending on the cause and severity of food poisoning. Generally drink a lot, eat light food. Possibly. Medicines (medicine for vomiting and diarrhea, antibiotics, antidotes for certain toxins, activated charcoal), possibly pump out the stomach.
  • Forecast: Food poisoning usually heals by itself within a few days. Severe cases as well as children and the elderly may need to be hospitalized. Some forms of food poisoning are life threatening, such as some mushroom poisoning and botulism.
  • Prevent: pay attention to fresh products and hygiene in the kitchen; refrain from raw food as much as possible; only drink clean water;
The most dangerous food germs - Part 1Why you should avoid preserves with domed lid and in which foods otherwise like to run sick with disease.Why you should avoid preserves with curved lid and in which foods otherwise like sick people. To the table of contents

Food Poisoning: Symptoms & Causes

The symptoms of food poisoning (including food infection) may vary slightly depending on the cause. Classic signs that almost always occur, however, are:

  • nausea
  • Vomit
  • diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps

Most food poisoning symptoms are noticeable within minutes to hours after eating the spoiled or poisonous food. In rare cases - such as an infection with the bacterium Campylobacter - this so-called incubation period can also be several days.

The main symptoms of food poisoningFood poisoning causes typical symptoms - but not all symptoms need to be present at the same time.

Often the symptoms of food poisoning are only moderately pronounced and disappear after a few days on their own. Sometimes it comes to a heavy poisoning with very pronounced symptoms such as severe vomiting, very bloody diarrhea or more than ten diarrhea per day. At least then you should definitely go to the doctor!

Food poisoning by pathogens

In case of food poisoning by pathogens (food infection), the exact symptoms depend on the type of pathogen. Important infections are Samonellosis, Listeriosis and Botulism:

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