ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. C78ArtikelübersichtLebermetastasen
- Causes and risk factors
- Examinations and diagnosis
- Disease course and prognosis
Liver metastases: description
Liver metastases are - like all metastases - the dislocations of a malignant tumor that has its seat elsewhere (primary tumor) elsewhere in the body. The ability to spread to other parts of the body, that is to "metastasize", is a hallmark of malignant tumors.
In liver metastases, a distinction is made between primary and secondary neoplasm of cancer cells in the liver. Under primary liver metastases one understands directly in the liver originated cancer cells for example from one hepatocellular carcinoma (Liver cell cancer) or one cholangiocellular carcinoma (Bile duct cancer). The secondary liver metastases are more common and arise from other malignant tumors that have spread to the liver. The liver, for example, is the organ that metastasizes in colon cancer patients in 75 percent of cases.
Liver metastases, depending on the nature of the original tumor, occur soon after the primary tumor develops, or only a few years later. If they are already present at the first diagnosis, doctors call that synchronous liver metastases, This is not uncommon, about 15 to 25 percent of colorectal cancer patients already have metastases at diagnosis. In contrast, there are still the metachronous liver metastases. They develop during the course of the cancer or after the original tumor has been removed. This is the case in about 20 to 50 percent of patients.To the table of contents
Liver metastases: symptoms
The symptoms of liver metastases are nonspecific and are therefore more noticeable in the later course of the disease for the person concerned. Weight loss, loss of appetite and general weakness may be the first signs of liver metastases. They are usually not painful. If the tumor is located centrally in the liver, this can manifest as a yellowing of the skin (jaundice, jaundice). It arises because the bile pigment is no longer sufficiently degraded by the liver and finally stored in the skin and in the whites of the eyes (sclera).