Of the mucus closes the cervix during pregnancy and usually dissolves shortly before birth. Most pregnant women notice this by a slight bleeding, also called "drawing" or "drawing bleeding". Here you will learn everything worth knowing about the mucus plug and how you can recognize its departure during pregnancy.
What is the function of the mucus plug?
Pregnancy brings about numerous changes and adaptations of the body. For example, expectant mothers, the glands located in the area of the cervix (cervix) produce a particularly viscous mucus, which closes the cervix. Oblique mucosal folds increase the adhesion of this cervical mucus plug. Named after the German gynecologist Samuel Kristeller "Kristellsche Schleimpfropf" prevents bacteria from entering the uterus. Mother and child are well protected from infection by the viscous mucus. It also stabilizes the uterus and prevents premature birth.
Reason for the mucus graft outlet
When the baby is ready for birth, the body produces prostaglandins. Through these hormones, the cervical tissue ("cervical ripening") changes, and the mucous plug dissolves. Exercising labor or first regular labor during the opening phase of the birth, in which the cervix begins to open, sometimes lead to its departure.
How do you recognize the mucus plug?
The appearance and size of the mucous plug can vary widely. Sometimes the amount is so low that some women do not even notice the mucus graft. If the stopper dissolves, however, this can be manifested as a slightly increased discharge, as a viscous secretion or in the form of a larger amount of viscous mucus.
If it is a mucus plug without blood, this is usually whitish. Often, however, traces of blood are added. This suggests that the cervix already opens slowly: The blood comes from small vessels of the uterine lining, which tear when widening the cervix. The slight bleeding is called drawing bleeding. Depending on whether it is old or fresh blood, the mucus plug is light red or brownish discolored.
Departure from the mucus plug - birth starts?
From the 38th week of pregnancy loosening the mucus plug is a classic sign that the birth is now imminent and the opening phase begins soon. But as soon as a woman notices the departure, it may take a few more days for the first real labor to set in. If the mucus plug has disappeared, you do not have to go to the hospital immediately. Only when you feel regular and painful labor, you should be on the way.
If there is a prolonged bleeding with a larger amount of bright red, fresh blood, possibly associated with pain, but you must not hesitate, immediately visit a clinic. Then it may not be the drawing bleeding as an indication that the mucus but may be a premature placental abruption (abruptio placentae).