Varicose veins


varicose veins (Varicosis, varices) are extensions of the superficial veins, which occur particularly frequently on the legs. They usually show up as harmless bluish tufts under the skin. Women are more likely to suffer from varicose veins than men. Only in a few, advanced cases do varicose veins cause symptoms such as water retention in the tissue (edema) and skin ulcers (ulcerations). Here you read everything important to varicose veins.

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. I86I83ArtikelübersichtKrampfadern

  • description
  • Spider veins
  • symptoms
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Remove varicose veins
  • Disease course and prognosis

Varicose veins: description

Varicose veins (varicose veins, varicose veins, varicosis) are cylindrical protrusions or extensions of superficial veins. The blood vessels form tangles and tortuosities, which shimmer bluish through the skin, especially on the legs. Varicose veins can also occur on other parts of the body, such as in the area of ​​the esophagus. Varicose veins can cause discomfort such as swollen feet and sore legs as well as bleeding in the esophagus.

Varicose veins: legs

In Germany many people suffer from varicose veins. According to current estimates, about 20 percent of adults have at least slightly altered superficial veins. Women suffer from varicosis up to three times more frequently than men. Most often, the superficial veins of the legs are affected. The varicosis is usually noticed between the 30th and 40th year of life for the first time by the patients. Most people suffer from very fine, superficial varicose veins, the so-called spider veins.

Depending on the location and shape different forms of varicose veins are distinguished:

  1. Root vein and side branch varices: These are varicose veins of medium sized and large veins. This type of varicosis is most common and usually occurs on the inside of the thighs and lower legs.
  2. Perforating varices: The superficial veins are connected via connecting circuits to the deep veins of the legs. When these connecting veins expand and sag, one speaks of Perforans varices.
  3. Reticular varices: Reticular varices are very small varicose veins of the legs. The diameter of these small veins is a maximum of two to four millimeters. Reticular varices are found mainly on the outside of the thighs and lower legs and in the popliteal fossa.
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Spider veins

Read all important information about spider veins here.

In most cases, varicose veins cause no problems and are very weak. The older the patients become or the more they are limited in their mobility, the more pronounced the complaints become. In some cases, drug treatment or surgical removal of varicose veins may be required.