ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. M21Q66ArtikelübersichtKlumpfuß
- Deformations of the foot
- Causes and risk factors
- Examinations and diagnosis
- Disease course and prognosis
The clubfoot is a malposition of the foot, which results from a lack of muscle power. The foot is turned inwards (supination position). The soles of the feet then point inwards / upwards, and the lower leg muscles are deformed.
Mostly this disease is innate. If during pregnancy certain muscle groups in the child can not fully develop, creates a clubfoot. However, baby feet are still very flexible and flexible, which is why treating them immediately gives them a good chance of recovery.
In some cases, the clubfoot is also caused by a nerve defect (for example after an injury). The nervous innervation of the muscles was possibly severed and then missing. The longer the muscles are not used, the more they regress and clubfoot can be the result.
There are various deformities of the foot, which can occur in a clubfoot:To the table of contents
Deformations of the foot
talipes (Pes adductus or Anspreizfuß called): Read more in the article sickle foot.
equinus (Pes equinus): Read more in the article Spitzfuß.
Hohlfuß(Pes cavus): Read more in the article Hohlfuß.
Pes varus (a bend of the foot inside the ankle)To the table of contents
Both congenital and acquired clubfoot symptoms are clearly visible. The affected person runs on the outer edge of the foot or in very severe cases even on the back of the foot (as far as that is possible). One or both feet may be affected. Normally, the clubfoot is characterized by four different characteristics:
- Bony deformities (usually affect the heel bone)
- Deformities or dislocations in the joints (often the ankle is affected)
- Attenuated or shortened muscles (for example the calf muscles)
- Restrictions in the capsule-ligament apparatus (when tendons or ligaments are shortened or damaged)
Also typical is the so-called "clubfoot calf", which is caused by a curvature of the calf muscles and a shortening of the Achilles tendon. Important for the success of therapy is that the symptoms are treated as quickly as possible.To the table of contents
Clubfoot: causes and risk factors
One distinguishes between a congenital and an acquired clubfoot. Meanwhile, there are some explanations for the acquired clubfoot. For the innate variant, however, there is still no universally valid explanation.