ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. C32ArtikelübersichtKehlkopfkrebs
- Causes and risk factors
- Examinations and diagnosis
- Disease course and prognosis
Throat cancer: description
The term throat cancer refers to a malignant growth in the larynx. The larynx is an organ in the neck that separates the air and the esophagus and with the help of which the voice is produced. In technical language, the larynx is called the larynx; Laryngeal cancer is therefore also called laryngeal carcinoma or malignant laryngeal tumor.
Depending on which parts of the larynx cancer infested, a distinction is made between different types of tumors:
- Supraglottic carcinomas: above the vocal fold plane; over 30 percent of all cases of throat cancer.
- Glottic carcinomas: at the vocal fold level (vocal cord carcinoma); over 65 percent of all cases of throat cancer.
- Subglottic carcinomas: below the vocal fold plane; less than 1 percent of all cases of throat cancer.
As a malignant tumor, the laryngeal carcinoma penetrates into the surrounding healthy tissue (infiltration) and destroys it. In addition, laryngeal cancer can form metastases on other parts of the body, but only at an advanced stage.
Laryngeal cancer mainly affects men over the age of 50. Because smoking is the main cause of the disease and the proportion of smokers in Germany is rising, women are increasingly becoming ill with laryngeal cancer. It is estimated that there are approximately 3,500 new cases of male disease and 500 new cases of women each year.
Although throat cancer is one of the most common tumors in the neck, the number of deaths from this cancer is low. In men, throat cancer accounts for about 1.5 percent of all cancer deaths; in women only one percent.To the table of contents
Throat cancer: symptoms
Read all about the typical signs of laryngeal cancer in the article Laryngeal Cancer Symptoms.