Diseases

Insect bites

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insect bites you get especially in the summer months. They are usually only uncomfortable, but can also be life-threatening for people with an allergy to the insect venom. What happens in the body? How does the swelling at the injection site and why itchy mosquito bites? And how best to treat insect bites? Answers to these and other questions can be found here!

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. T63ArtikelübersichtInsektenstiche

  • description
  • symptoms
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Disease course and prognosis

Insect bites: description

Insect bites occur especially in the summer months, when people are outside and it is warm enough for the insects. However, you can get itchy mosquito bites even in the winter months, when the weather is very mild and mosquitoes hatch from their eggs. Incidentally, mosquitoes usually prefer dusk or night, while many other insects such as wasps and bees are especially active during the day.

Insect bites: importance for medicine

In medicine, insect bites are important because they can transmit diseases or toxins and allergic reactions can be triggered. As a rule, no diseases are transmitted in Central Europe in an insect bite. However, wasp sting, bee sting and hornet sting can be very dangerous and even fatal in insect venom allergy or in a sting in the oropharynx. Mosquito bites and brake bites, on the other hand, are considered harmless, if annoying.

The transmission of insect bites is mainly due to mosquitoes worldwide. There are several types of mosquitoes in which various pathogens survive. These include, for example, in the tropics the causative agents of malaria, dengue fever and yellow fever. Stings of the tsetse fly or sand fly in the tropics can trigger sleeping sickness or leishmaniasis.

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Insect bites: symptoms

Wasp stings, bee stings and hornet stings often cause pain, while mosquito bites itch. Generally one can distinguish three stages of an insect sting reaction:

  • Local reaction with redness, swelling and itching, which is significantly less within 24 hours. The affected skin area is not larger than ten inches.
  • Great local response that affects a larger area of ​​skin than the simple local response. In addition, swelling of the surrounding joints, dizziness and nausea are possible.
  • An allergic reaction to insect venom allergy, which can lead to shortness of breath and can be life-threatening.

Insect bites: swelling

Everything you need to know about swelling in insect bites, see insect bites: Swelling.

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