Diseases

Valvular heart disease

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When Valvular heart disease refers to the malfunction of one or more heart valves. Often, such so-called valve vertices are symptomless at the beginning, but eventually lead to heart failure if left untreated. For the diagnosis serves above all the heart ultrasound, heart valve defects are treated with medicines and surgical procedures. Read all about symptoms, diagnostics and therapy of heart valve failure here!

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. I09I08Q22Q23I05I35I37I36I06I07I34ArtikelübersichtHerzklappenfehler

  • description
  • symptoms
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Examinations and diagnosis
  • treatment
  • Disease course and prognosis

Heart valve failure: description

The term valvular heart failure or valve vitals is an umbrella term for a leaky (insufficient) or narrowed (stenosed) heart valve. Depending on the affected heart valve and the nature of the error, different symptoms occur.

Heart valves have a very important valve function in the blood flow through the heart. They ensure that the blood can only flow in one direction. Opening and closing of the heart valves are carried out by pressure and flow of the blood.

Heart valve defects - symptoms Many heart valve defects go unnoticed at first because the heart can compensate for the malfunction for a long time. The warning signs. Many heart valve defects initially go unnoticed because the heart can compensate for the malfunction for a long time. The warning signs.

Frequency of heart valve defects

One distinguishes congenital from acquired heart valve defects. About one in 100 newborns is born with a heart valve defect. As a result, the life expectancy of these babies is often reduced. The majority of heart valve defects affect the left half of the heart where the mitral and aortic valves are located.

The most common heart valve defect is the aortic valve stenosis in older age, usually due to calcification of the valve. It is the third most common cardiovascular disease in Germany. A total of 20,000 surgeries are performed annually due to a valve.

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