Speech therapy


The speech therapy deals with problems of voice, language and speech. The medical-therapeutic field is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders in these areas. The aim is to improve or restore the communication skills of those affected. Read all important information about the meaning of speech therapy, the treatment methods and get to know practical exercises.

Product Overview Speech Therapy

  • What is speech therapy?
  • When do you perform speech therapy?
  • What do you do with speech therapy?
  • What are the risks of speech therapy?
  • What do I have to consider after speech therapy?

What is speech therapy?

Communication is an important part of life. Communicating clearly and understandably to others enables active participation in almost all areas of life - whether in everyday professional life or in the social and family environment. If speech understanding, articulation, phonation or the like is impaired, this slows down the affected person - in addition to social relationships, professional, childlike and school perspectives often suffer.

Logopedics aims to restore or even develop communication skills. She examines and deals with disorders around speech, voice and speech. Swallowing disorders also belong to the field, since they can have a negative effect on the ability to speak.

The focus is on the treatment of such impairments by trained speech therapists. Diagnosis and prescription are made by the doctor. Most general practitioners, pulmonologists, ENT specialists and paediatricians prescribe a speech therapy.

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When do you perform speech therapy?

The target group of speech therapy measures are adults and children alike. The fields of application include, for example:

  • Dysphagia (sucking, feeding, eating and swallowing disorders) in babies and toddlers
  • Dysphagia (dysphagia) in adults, e.g. B. in neurological and geriatric diseases or as a result of tumor diseases
  • In case of orofacial dysfunction in support of orthodontic / dental treatment
  • Speech development disorders in children
  • Mutism ("speech fear")
  • Dyslalien (phonetic deformities)
  • Hearing and hearing impairments
  • Stuttering and rumbling
  • voice disorders
  • Speech and speech disorders (aphasia) in the context of neurological or geriatric diseases, such as strokes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), dementia, the hearing impaired and the deaf.

Speech therapy for children

In some children, the language develops delayed for various reasons. But when is speech therapy displayed? Experts recommend a logopedic examination, if the child at four years linguistically lag clearly behind peers. The developmental disorders can affect the following areas:

  • the pronunciation (eg lisp or the consistent use of wrong letters like Tasper instead of Kasper)
  • vocabulary (significantly reduced individual vocabulary)
  • the grammar (eg wrong sentence definition for job words: "Rita has left")
  • the language usage
  • the language understanding
  • the flow of speech (eg stuttering and precursors thereof)

Basically, disorders in language acquisition by a speech therapist can be treated well. In a medically diagnosed disturbed language development, the general language promotion, which is almost in every kindergarten, usually not enough. Rather, it requires a well-founded logopedic therapy with which language and speech problems can be specifically treated.

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What do you do with speech therapy?

The logopedic treatment is essentially based on three procedures: speech therapy, speech therapy and voice therapy. Depending on the underlying symptoms of the doctor prescribed one of the forms of therapy or a combination thereof. First of all as an initial regulation, which can be followed by subsequent regulations if necessary.

The basis for this is a comprehensive diagnosis. Based on this, the individually appropriate form of therapy is determined. Logopedic diagnostic procedures include, for example:

  • Tonaudiogram (hearing curve) for measuring individual hearing
  • Stroboscopic findings
  • voting status
  • Imaging procedures
  • Vocal Evaluative
  • Endoscopic and neurological examinations
  • linguistic analyzes
  • Aachen Aphasia Test (AAT)
  • Speech and speech analyzes

Speech therapy: speech therapy

Speech therapy is about eliminating language development, language and language problems. These include, for example, a limited vocabulary, the inability to speak in coherent sentences or to grasp the meaning of texts and language. In children, it is usually about correcting speech development disorders. The treatment of reading and writing disabilities (LRS) also belongs in this area.

According to the catalog of remedies, the measures of speech therapy are aimed primarily at:

  • Initiation of linguistic utterances
  • Structure of speech understanding
  • Training and preservation of the spoken language for linguistic communication
  • Articulation improvement or creation of non-verbal communication options
  • Normalization or improvement of auditory perception
  • Building communication strategies
  • Normalization of the speech sound
  • Elimination of dysfunction of the laryngeal and tongue muscles
  • Improvement and preservation of the swallowing process

Speech therapy: speech therapy

Speech therapy deals with articulation problems, ie difficulties in correct pronunciation and phonation.

The catalog of remedies provides for speech therapy measures for targeted initiation and promotion:

  • articulation
  • the speech rate
  • the coordinative performance
  • the motor and sensory speech regions of the vocal tract, the respiration, the voice and the swallowing process.

Speech therapy: voice therapy

A voice therapy aims to strengthen the voice and resolve vocal complaints such as hoarseness or Räusperzwang.

The applications of vocal therapy are aimed, according to the catalog of remedies, at the regulation of:

  • breathing
  • Phonation (phonetic and vocal training)
  • articulation
  • swallows

Well-proven methods include functional voice training and manual voice therapy. The former is based on vocal-educational elements that have been adapted and developed for vocal therapy. The core element is the functional connection of movement and voice. Both functional and organic voice disorders are treated.

Münch's manual voice therapy uses elements of osteopathy and physiotherapy and combines these with active exercises by the patient. The goal is to normalize the state of tension in the muscles responsible for voice, respiration and swallowing.

Speech Therapy: Exercises

In the speech therapy practice a variety of speech and speaking exercises and motor training sessions are on the program. Based on the diagnosis, the speech therapist puts together an individual therapy and exercise plan. For example, the affected persons use buzzing exercises to train the correct pronunciation of vowels, consonants and syllables.

Oral exercise can help loosen the speech tools and use them more consciously. Sucking and breathing exercises as well as loud reading help the person concerned to speak clearly and comprehensibly. Other exercises focus on increasing your perception and concentration.

But not only in the speech therapy practice, there are many exercises in speech therapy: Exercises for at home supplement the training and solidify the learned effectively.

Example: dysarthria exercise for the home

  • Hum: One by one the vowels a, e, i, o, and u hum loud and long. Repeat 10 times per vowel, practice 3 times a day.
  • High and low: speak each vowel once with a very low voice, then with a very high voice.
  • Quiet and loud: words and sentences repeatedly speak with increasing volume.
  • Targeted practice: write down words that are particularly difficult to pronounce and that train them intensively.

Further examples and suggestions can be found in various books on the topic. The internet also offers numerous practical exercises for downloading. Anyone who would like to have their training sessions ready at any time and anywhere is well advised to use a speech therapy app. Easy to use and easy to understand, this makes it easy to integrate logopedic exercises into everyday life.

For children there are special materials as a book, app or exercise material on the net. This makes it possible to playfully continue the logopedic therapy at home and on the go.

Example: child-friendly oral motor exercises for the home

  • Lip exercises: Bubble in the bathtub with or without a straw, blow rubber animals, blow paper sailing ships or corks, eat salt sticks without hands.
  • Tongue exercise: lick the leftovers from the lips.
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What are the risks of speech therapy?

Special risks are not associated with speech therapy. If treatment is started early, there is a great chance of significantly reducing speech or speech problems.