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Do not be afraid to save your lifeQuick help is the most important. With a few simple steps, you can often save lives. But often it is the concern to do something wrong that slows down potential first responders. There are many misconceptions around First Aid - but it's easier to do than you think. The picture gallery shows what really matters.
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You can not go wrong!Even if you are afraid of making mistakes - as a witness of a medical emergency you should not be inactive! Call an emergency physician and bridge the time to its arrival with the most important life-sustaining measures according to your options: with chest compressions, artificial respiration or the stopping of life-threatening bleeding. For first aid applies: "Not perfect" is better than "not at all".
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Point one: the emergency callIn a medical emergency, the first step is always to call an ambulance. Only then do you take care of the injured. Otherwise too much time will be lost until the ambulance is on-site and can help you better than you can.
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When the stable side position is importantThe stable side position is only vaguely remembered by most in the first aid course. But it is only useful for unconscious people who can still breathe independently. With them, it prevents vomit or your own tongue from blocking the airways. In cardiac arrest, however, the cardiac massage is the only saving measure - and in the stable side position is not possible.
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Ventilation does not always have to beFirst responders are often overwhelmed with the rapid change between ventilation and chest compressions. In that case, you should focus on chest compressions. The blood often contains enough oxygen for a long time to keep the body and especially the brain alive. But it also has to get there. The chest compressions should therefore be interrupted as little as possible!
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When to stop bleedingIf blood is rhythmically injected from an artery, setting is important. Otherwise, even heavier bleeding is often not life-threatening. Bonding could then do more harm than good: The blood would clot and the hardened body part would not be sufficiently supplied. It is better in such situations to put on a pressure bandage or with a cloth and hands to press hard on the wound.
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Remove the helmet, but right!One misconception that persists is that you should not take the helmet off of unconscious motorcycle or cyclists. If the injured person can not be addressed, then "helmet off!" Applies and, if necessary, resuscitate. However, the neck should not be turned, bent or stretched and the head should not fall to the side. This is easier for two.
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Do not cool burns too much!Cold water from the line or ice packs relieve the pain of burns or burns, but lukewarm water is better. Especially with large-scale burns, the body otherwise cools dangerously-the injured skin can no longer fulfill its task of regulating temperature.
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Slowly warm up undercooled persons!Undercooled persons should only warm up slowly. Because in order to protect the organs inside the body, less blood circulates in the limbs - and is particularly cold there. Abruptly re-starts the blood circulation, it gets into the body and organs, which can be damaged in cold weather. This also applies if the person concerned is moved too much. Consequence is then z. B. a cardiac arrest. Therefore keep the subcooled always quiet and warm slowly!
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Broken bones: Quiet instead of splintsImproper splinting of broken bones is not only painful but can also hurt. It is better to store your injured limbs in a calm, slightly elevated position and shield them from movement - for example, with a rolled-up blanket underneath.
By Christiane FuxMedicine editor
First aid measures
- Calm the child and keep calm.
- If your child is approachable, open his mouth and try to wipe out any leftovers with a finger.
- Important is the question of what and how much your child has taken. Keep all remains of the ingested (such as tablets, plant parts, mushrooms or chemical packaging). Take it with you to the doctor or the hospital, so that the doctor can determine what poisoning it is.
- If your child vomits, help him by supporting him and stroking his back reassuringly.
- Do not provoke vomiting after convulsions, disturbance of consciousness or breathing and after taking caustic or foaming substances such as acids, alkalis, household cleaners.
- The vomit should be collected in a container and given to the doctor for analysis.
- If your child shows signs of poisoning, make the emergency call.
- If your child does not show any signs of poisoning after taking any poisonous substance, call the local Poison Emergency Service. State the type and amount of toxic substance that it has taken. You will get further instructions.
- Never give your child milk to drink! Because milk can cause the poison to be absorbed more quickly into the blood.
How can you prevent your child from getting poisoned?
- Store medicines in a place that is inaccessible to children. Best suited for this is a lockable medicine chest cabinet.
- Exclude medications after each use, even if you or another person living in the same household must take the medications several times a day.
- Never leave medicines lying around. Especially pills with colorful, attractive colors are very similar to sweets and tempt even toddlers to taste them.
- Also discuss and review these precautions in other households where your child is staying, e.g. with the grandparents or the childminder.
- Always keep household chemicals such as cleansers, rinses and detergents out of reach of children, preferably in a lockable cabinet.
- Never refill chemicals in food packaging, e.g. in a juice bottle. The children enjoy the discovered juice bottle, take a sip and can suffer severe to life-threatening burns of the esophagus.
- Always label vessels containing chemicals or other toxins clearly, and look for child-resistant closures.
- Do not be distracted if you have just opened household chemicals. Close the bottle or container when turning to other children, answering a phone call, or when the doorbell rings.
- For the sake of your child's health, cigarettes should not be found in any household. If you still smoke, you should never leave cigarette butts and packages lying around. For toddlers would like to try the cigarette butt, which has just tasted good to you. They pick him out of the ashtray or trash and put it in his mouth. Even the tobacco remains can cause poisoning. Also keep in mind that passive smoking is also harmful to your health.
- Do not leave alcoholic beverages freely accessible to children. Even small amounts of alcohol are very dangerous for toddlers. Therefore, always close alcoholic beverages so that even older children are not tempted to try the drinks that the parents enjoy so much.
- Do not breed poisonous plants in the garden or on the balcony when infants live in your household.
- Educate your children about the dangers of medicines, household chemicals, poisonous plants, mushrooms, cigarettes and alcohol at an early age.