Diseases

Drowning accident in children

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  • Do not be afraid to save your life

    Quick help is the most important. With a few simple steps, you can often save lives. But often it is the concern to do something wrong that slows down potential first responders. There are many misconceptions around First Aid - but it's easier to do than you think. The picture gallery shows what really matters.
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  • You can not go wrong!

    Even if you are afraid of making mistakes - as a witness of a medical emergency you should not be inactive! Call an emergency physician and bridge the time to its arrival with the most important life-sustaining measures according to your options: with chest compressions, artificial respiration or the stopping of life-threatening bleeding. For first aid applies: "Not perfect" is better than "not at all".
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  • Point one: the emergency call

    In a medical emergency, the first step is always to call an ambulance. Only then do you take care of the injured. Otherwise too much time will be lost until the ambulance is on-site and can help you better than you can.
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  • When the stable side position is important

    The stable side position is only vaguely remembered by most in the first aid course. But it is only useful for unconscious people who can still breathe independently. With them, it prevents vomit or your own tongue from blocking the airways. In cardiac arrest, however, the cardiac massage is the only saving measure - and in the stable side position is not possible.
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  • Ventilation does not always have to be

    First responders are often overwhelmed with the rapid change between ventilation and chest compressions. In that case, you should focus on chest compressions. The blood often contains enough oxygen for a long time to keep the body and especially the brain alive. But it also has to get there. The chest compressions should therefore be interrupted as little as possible!
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  • When to stop bleeding

    If blood is rhythmically injected from an artery, setting is important. Otherwise, even heavier bleeding is often not life-threatening. Bonding could then do more harm than good: The blood would clot and the hardened body part would not be sufficiently supplied. It is better in such situations to put on a pressure bandage or with a cloth and hands to press hard on the wound.
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  • Remove the helmet, but right!

    One misconception that persists is that you should not take the helmet off of unconscious motorcycle or cyclists. If the injured person can not be addressed, then "helmet off!" Applies and, if necessary, resuscitate. However, the neck should not be turned, bent or stretched and the head should not fall to the side. This is easier for two.
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  • Do not cool burns too much!

    Cold water from the line or ice packs relieve the pain of burns or burns, but lukewarm water is better. Especially with large-scale burns, the body otherwise cools dangerously-the injured skin can no longer fulfill its task of regulating temperature.
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  • Slowly warm up undercooled persons!

    Undercooled persons should only warm up slowly. Because in order to protect the organs inside the body, less blood circulates in the limbs - and is particularly cold there. Abruptly re-starts the blood circulation, it gets into the body and organs, which can be damaged in cold weather. This also applies if the person concerned is moved too much. Consequence is then z. B. a cardiac arrest. Therefore keep the subcooled always quiet and warm slowly!
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  • Broken bones: Quiet instead of splints

    Improper splinting of broken bones is not only painful but can also hurt. It is better to store your injured limbs in a calm, slightly elevated position and shield them from movement - for example with a rolled-up blanket underneath.


  • By Christiane FuxMedicine editor
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What are the signs of a drowning accident?

The signs depend on the duration of submersion. They may be completely absent and only appear after several hours.

  • Cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, foamy expectoration, rattling respiration
  • hypothermia
  • Fast pulse
  • Bluish-grayish skin color especially of the lips and fingernails
  • Confusion or loss of consciousness, unconsciousness, respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, severe hypothermia
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First aid measures

  • Take the child out of the water!
  • Address the child, examine the state of consciousness.
  • One should not try to remove the water from the lungs.
  • Is the child responsive: remove soaked clothes, dry child, keep warm, calm down.
  • If the child is unresponsive, but has regular breathing, you should put it in a stable side position.
  • If respiratory arrest begins with the breath donation!
  • If no pulse is palpable, perform a cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  • Make an emergency call.
  • Carry out the measures until rescue arrives.

Even if a child does not show any of these symptoms after a presumed drowning accident, it should definitely be treated by a doctor. Even a short-term lack of oxygen can lead to an impairment of organ functions. However, this may only be recognizable after 24 to 48 hours.

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