Diseases

Psychosis

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Sabine Schrör

Sabine Schrör is a freelance author of lifelikeinc.com. She studied Business Administration and Public Relations in Cologne. As a freelance editor, she has been at home in various industries for more than 15 years. Health is one of her favorite topics.

More about the lifelikeinc.com expertspsychosis is an umbrella term for severe mental disorders in which the person concerned loses contact with reality. Patients perceive themselves and their environment as changed. Typical signs of psychosis are delusions and hallucinations. In addition, disorders in thinking and motor skills can develop. Learn here everything important to the clinical picture of the psychosis.

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. F28F25F23F29

A psychosis makes sufferers look completely changed, they can even be dangerous for themselves and others. For acute treatment, special medicines are indispensable.

Marian Grosser, DoctorArticle SurveyPsychosis
  • What is a psychosis?
  • symptoms
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Examinations & Diagnosis
  • treatment
  • History & Forecast

Quick Overview

  • What is psychosis? Collective term for various mental disorders. Affected lose the connection to reality. Her personality changes without her realizing it herself. The first signs are already evident at a young age, often during puberty.
  • symptoms: At the beginning concentration disturbances, thought disturbances, listlessness and inner emptiness, power breakdown, sleep disturbances, diminishing joie de vivre, depressions, fears. Later, for example, irrational thoughts (compulsive thoughts), sudden, strong interest in religion, mysticism or magic, as well as mistrust, hostility / aggression towards others, strong ego references, hallucinations, ego disturbances, emotional and / or motor changes.
  • Causes: Organically induced psychosis results from altered brain functions as a result of underlying physical illnesses (dementia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis), medicines (for example for Parkinson's disease) or drugs (LSD, cannabis). Non-organic psychosis develops due to underlying mental disorders (schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder) or birth stress (postpartum psychosis, puerperal psychosis).
  • Diagnosis: Doctor-patient interview to collect the medical history (medical history), physical examination, psychological diagnostics using questionnaires based on international classification catalogs
  • Treatment: Medicinal with antipsychotics, in addition, if necessary, mood stabilizers such as lithium, antidepressants. Supplementary psychotherapeutic treatment (psychoeducation, cognitive behavioral therapy).
  • Forecast: With early diagnosis and appropriate, consistent treatment favorable course with good chances of recovery.
To the table of contents

What is a psychosis?

The collective term psychosis includes various mental disorders that have one thing in common: in all cases, patients lose their relationship to themselves and their environment. The personality of those affected changes without their being aware of it. On the contrary - psychotic think that not themselves, but their environment is changing.

A psychosis can manifest itself in many ways, the symptoms can vary from patient to patient. That's why the psychosis definition has changed over time. Today, we know that psychosis can be part of a variety of illnesses - from dementia to mental disorders such as schizophrenia. Also drugs, certain medications as well as specific life situations like the postpartum period can trigger a psychosis.

About one to two percent of the population develops a psychosis once in their lives. Women are affected just as often as men. The symptoms often appear at an adolescent age, often between the ages of 15 and 25 years.

Rasterfahndung psychosisA psychosis announces itself by early warning signs - but these are difficult to interpret. This could change soon. By Christiane FuxERFAHREN MORE!

Organic and non-organic psychosis

Mostly, many different factors play together in the development of a psychosis. Basically, however, a distinction is made between the organic and the non-organic psychosis (formerly: endogenous and exogenous psychosis):

For example, organic psychosis may be associated with dementia or brain damage due to substance abuse and certain medications. Non-organic psychosis can be caused by mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.

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