Diseases

Low blood pressure

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Carola Felchner

Carola Felchner is a freelance author at lifelikeinc.com and a certified exercise and nutritionist. She worked at various trade magazines and online portals before becoming self-employed in 2015 as a journalist. Before her traineeship, she studied translating and interpreting in Kempten and Munich.

More about the lifelikeinc.com expertsLow blood pressureAlso known in the jargon as arterial hypotension, it is very common, especially in young, slim women. By definition, low blood pressure is present when the values ​​are below 100/110 to 60 mmHg (millimeters of mercury). Arterial hypotension usually manifests with dizziness, fatigue or palpitations. There are many ways to get your blood pressure going again without medication. Read more here: How does low blood pressure develop? What to do about the complaints? Why can low blood pressure become dangerous during pregnancy?

ICD codes for this disease: ICD codes are internationally valid medical diagnosis codes. They are found e.g. in medical reports or on incapacity certificates. I95Article ReviewLow Blood Pressure

  • Limits table
  • symptoms
  • Causes & Risk Factors
  • Examinations & Diagnosis
  • treatment
  • History & Forecast

Quick Overview

  • limits: 110 to 60 mmHg in men, 100 to 60 mmHg in women
  • symptoms: sometimes no, but often symptoms such as palpitations, dizziness, headache, tiredness, shortness of breath
  • Causes: Low blood pressure is partly hereditary. It can also be caused by environmental influences, illness or medication as well as certain postures or (fast) changes in position.
  • Diagnosis: repeated blood pressure measurement, specific circulatory tests, if necessary further examinations (such as ultrasound and blood test)
  • Treatment: Home remedies and general measures such as changing showers, exercise, enough salted food, a lot of drinking; at their inefficiency medication
  • Forecast: usually not dangerous, only in certain cases, accurate observation necessary.
Properly measuring blood pressure. High blood pressure can be dangerous. See here how you can measure the values ​​yourself. High blood pressure can be dangerous. See here how you can measure the values ​​yourself. To the table of contents

Low Blood Pressure: Limit Table

The term blood pressure refers to the pressure in the large arteries. These are the vessels that lead away from the heart. How high or low the pressure in their interior depends, on the one hand, on the elasticity and the resistance of the vessel walls. On the other hand, the blood pressure is influenced by the impact of the heart - that is, how much blood volume per heartbeat is transported into the circulation. The heart rate also plays a role.

A low blood pressure is actually only a symptom and not a disease, although it is often considered as such in Germany. That is why low blood pressure in foreign countries is often mockingly referred to as "German disease".

Blood pressure is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Of the upper (systolic) value describes the blood pressure the moment the heart muscle contracts and expels blood. Of the lower (diastolic) value refers to the relaxation phase of the heart (slack) when it refills with blood.

Low blood pressure: values

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), blood pressure should optimally be below 120 to 80 mmHg. If the systolic value is below 110 (men) or 100 (women) and the diastolic value is below 60, physicians speak of low blood pressure (arterial hypotension). How deviations from the optimum value are assessed upwards can be found in the table:

Systolic (mmHg)

Diastolic (mmHg)

Low blood pressure (hypotension)

< 110/100*

< 60

Optimal blood pressure

< 120

< 80

Normal blood pressure

120 - 129

80 - 84

High normal blood pressure

130 - 139

85 - 89

High blood pressure (hypertension)

≥ 140

≥ 90

* For men, values ​​below 110/60 are considered low blood pressure, and for women, values ​​are below 100/60.

Low blood pressure is rarely threatening. Only if the values ​​fall too low, a low blood pressure can be dangerous - it faints a fainting. Occasionally, arterial hypotension is an indication of a potentially serious organ disease.

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