Diseases

Gallbladder

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The gallbladder lies in the right upper abdomen below the liver and has an elongated, bag-like shape. It stores the bile (bile) produced by the liver. Sometimes the gallbladder itself is incorrectly called gallbladder. In healthy condition, the small hollow organ can not be felt from the outside. Read more about the topic: Where is the bile (gallbladder)? Which function does she have? What problems can it cause?

Article overview gallbladder

  • What is the gallbladder?
  • What is the function of the gallbladder?
  • Where is the gallbladder?
  • What problems can the gallbladder cause?

What is the gallbladder?

The gallbladder lies as a pear-shaped bag of about ten centimeters in length directly under the liver. It serves as a storage location for the bile produced in the liver (bile). This leaves the liver via the common hepatic duct, which then branches: A branch (called the gallbladder) leads into the gallbladder, the other branching as a large bile duct (ductus choledochus) to the duodenum. Shortly before its confluence, the large bile duct in most people still combines with the pancreatic duct to the gall-pancreatic duct (ductus choledochopancreaticus), which then enters the duodenum. In some people, the large bile duct and the duct of the pancreas discharge separately into the intestine.

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What is the function of the gallbladder?

Function of the gallbladder is the storage and concentration of bile, which is produced in the liver. The hollow organ can absorb 30 to 50 cubic centimeters of fluid. A sphincter (sphincter) at the mouth of the bile duct into the duodenum regulates the influx of bile into the intestine. When the sphincter is occluded, the gallbladder fills with the backlog with the bile coming out of the liver, which is then thickened by dehydration to about a tenth of its volume. When you eat high-fat food, the production of the hormone cholecystokinin in the small intestine is stimulated. This hormone causes the gallbladder to contract, forcing the bile into the large bile duct. The muscles around the mouth of the bile duct in the duodenum relax at the same time, so that the bile can flow into the intestine.

bile

Read more about the bile in the post bile.

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