Internal sexual organs of woman


The genitalia in the abdomen of the woman work optimally together to fulfill their common task: the production of new life, starting from two tiny cells, a male sperm cell and a female egg cell.

Article overviewInternal sexual organs of the woman

  • vagina
  • uterus
  • Fallopian tubes and ovaries
  • Diseases of the internal sex organs
  • Symptoms in the area of ​​the internal sex organs
  • Anatomy and function of the sexual organs


The entrance tunnel in the female abdomen is the vagina (Vagina). The muscular channel is about ten inches long and two to three inches wide, but can be as needed - so when sex or the birth of a child - significantly widen. On the front wall of the vagina (towards the abdominal wall) about five centimeters behind the entrance of the vagina is the famous G-spot, a highly sensitive erogenous zone of about two centimeters in size.

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At the end of the vagina it goes over the cervix in the uterus (Uterus). In shape, the hollow organ resembles an upside-down pear. The mucous membrane of the uterus thickens regularly during a menstrual cycle, to possibly stand ready for the implantation of a fertilized egg. If the fertilization stops, the wall thickening is repelled and flushed out - it comes to menstruation.

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Fallopian tubes and ovaries

In the upper area of ​​the uterus branches left and right one each oviduct from. The thin canals are about ten inches long and extended at the end to a jagged funnel. These funnels are placed over one of the two ovaries (Ovaries) the size of a plum. Eggs are regularly grown into them, usually one per month either in the right or left ovary. By the way, the precursors of the egg cells are already created in the female embryo - at the time of birth girls have about one million immature oocytes. This number shrinks to about 40,000 until adolescence, which is still far more than a woman actually needs. Only 400 to 500 of them actually mature in the course of a woman's life, until the end of the menopause with reproduction.

When, at the middle of the cycle, an ovary releases a fertile egg on its surface (ovulation), it is caught by the fallopian tube funnel. She then makes her way to the uterus, which takes four to five days. During this journey, sperm have a unique chance to fulfill their mission: they have 12 to 24 hours to track down the ovum in the fallopian tube and merge with it. If they fail, the oocyte and thickened uterine mucosa are flushed out with the menstrual period, and the cycle begins again.

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Diseases of the internal sex organs

Important diseases of the female internal sexual organs are:

  • vaginal yeast infection
  • chlamydia infection
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • HPV infection
  • Ovarian / fallopian tube inflammation
  • Ovarian cysts
  • uterine myoma
  • endometriosis
  • syphilis
  • gonorrhea
  • Soft chancre
  • Genital warts
  • genital herpes
  • uterine cancer
  • cervical cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • vaginal cancer